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1 Turkey Government Debt to GDP - 2022 Data - 2023 Forecast
https://tradingeconomics.com/turkey/government-debt-to-gdp
Government Debt to GDP in Turkey averaged 42.30 percent of GDP from 2000 until 2021, reaching an all time high of 75.50 percent of GDP in 2001 and a record low ...
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2 National debt in Turkey in relation to gross domestic product ...
https://www.statista.com/statistics/277040/national-debt-in-turkey-in-relation-to-gross-domestic-product-gdp/
Turkey: National debt from 2017 to 2027 in relation to gross domestic product (GDP) ; 2021, 41.65% ; 2020, 39.52% ; 2019, 32.66% ; 2018, 30.17%.
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3 Turkey National Debt Is Low - So Why Are They In Trouble?
https://commodity.com/data/turkey/debt-clock/
When assets of the Central Bank of Turkey and other publicly held funds are deducted, the net national debt of Turkey is 35.2% of GDP.
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4 Turkey Government Debt: % of GDP, 2001 – 2022 | CEIC Data
https://www.ceicdata.com/en/indicator/turkey/government-debt--of-nominal-gdp
Turkey Government debt accounted for 39.3 % of the country's Nominal GDP in Jun 2022, compared with the ratio of 42.3 % in the previous quarter.
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5 Turkey: The Trouble with Debt-Driven Growth
https://blogs.cfainstitute.org/investor/2022/04/01/turkey-the-trouble-with-debt-driven-growth/
Turkey's GDP growth has been facilitated by excessive leverage. The country's gross non-financial-sector debt has more than quadrupled, ...
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6 Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) - Turkiye | Data
https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/FS.AST.PRVT.GD.ZS?locations=TR
Claims on central government, etc. (% GDP). Claims on other sectors of the domestic economy (% of GDP). Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans (%).
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7 Turkey Debt to GDP Ratio 1990-2022 - Macrotrends
https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/TUR/turkey/debt-to-gdp-ratio
Turkey Debt to GDP Ratio 1990-2022 · Turkey debt to gdp ratio for 2016 was 31.65%, a 2.6% increase from 2015. · Turkey debt to gdp ratio for 2015 was 29.05%, a ...
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8 General government gross debt for Turkey (GGGDTATRA188N)
https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GGGDTATRA188N
General government gross debt for Turkey (GGGDTATRA188N). Download ; 2021: 41.804 ; 2020: 39.651 ; 2019: 32.619 ; 2018: 30.065 ; 2017: 27.942.
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9 Turkey External Debt - Turkey Economy Forecast & Outlook
http://www.focus-economics.com/country-indicator/turkey/external-debt
FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect Turkey to record a current account deficit of 5.8% of GDP in 2022. In 2023, the panel sees the current ...
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10 National debt of Turkey - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_debt_of_Turkey
The national debt of Turkey is the entire stock of direct, fixed-term, contractual, ... while Turkey's net foreign debt was $291.2 bn (about 34% of GDP).
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11 Turkey Outstanding Public Debt | Moody's Analytics
https://www.economy.com/turkey/outstanding-public-debt
Turkey: Government ; Outstanding Public Debt - Foreign, 2022 Q2, 444,392, 450,505, Mil. USD, NSA ; Outstanding Public Debt - Domestic, Sep 2018, -8,186,944, - ...
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12 The Shifting Politics of Debt in Turkey - MERIP
https://merip.org/2022/07/the-shifting-politics-of-debt-in-turkey/
In 2001–2002, the state spent almost 25 percent of GDP to bail out the banking sector and in the ensuing years was forced to allocate primary ...
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13 Republic of Türkiye - International Monetary Fund
https://www.imf.org/en/Countries/TUR
Turkey RR Hero Image- Topkapi ... 2022 Projected Real GDP (% Change) : 5.0; 2022 Projected Consumer Prices (% Change): 73.1; Country Population: 85.682 ...
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14 Turkish banks' distressed debt exceeds $46B amid idle bad ...
https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/news-insights/latest-news-headlines/turkish-banks-distressed-debt-exceeds-46b-amid-idle-bad-loan-market-72080180
Corporate debt accounted for roughly 80% of Turkish bank loan portfolios in the last five and a half years, Market Intelligence data shows. The ...
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15 The Turkish Economy under the Presidential System
https://www.mei.edu/publications/turkish-economy-under-presidential-system
Turkey's current economic situation is dire. The country is heavily indebted to international investors — to the tune of $451 billion, according ...
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16 Decomposition of Bank Loans and Economic Activity in Turkey
https://tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/22ff0c9c-79b0-4b76-8a61-c1489fa2dcf0/wp2103.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=ROOTWORKSPACE-22ff0c9c-79b0-4b76-8a61-c1489fa2dcf0-nuclT46
each type of loan and each GDP expenditure item to analyse whether different types of loans have different effects on economic activity and.
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17 Turkey National Debt 2021 - countryeconomy.com
https://countryeconomy.com/national-debt/turkey
This amount means that the debt in 2021 reached 41.8% of Türkiye GDP, a 2.15 percentage point rise from 2020, when it was 39.65% of GDP.
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18 Turkey Plans New Loan Stimulus to Spur Growth Before Vote
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-09-06/turkey-said-to-plan-new-loan-stimulus-to-spur-growth-before-vote
Turkey is priming a new round of cheap loans for businesses through a government-backed program, according to a person familiar with the ...
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19 Turkey Government debt - data, chart - TheGlobalEconomy.com
https://www.theglobaleconomy.com/Turkey/Government_debt/
Government debt as percent of GDP ... For that indicator, we provide data for Turkey from 2002 to 2021. The average value for Turkey during that period was 40.12 ...
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20 Turkish Experience with Debt: Macroeconomic Policy and ...
https://www.nber.org/system/files/chapters/c7526/c7526.pdf
of debt, Turkey experienced an agonizing foreign exchange crisis from. 1978 to 1980. ... share of investment rose from 18.1 percent of GDP (in 1973) to 25.0.
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21 Government debt and corporate debt in Turkey (% of GDP ...
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Government-debt-and-corporate-debt-in-Turkey-of-GDP-The-red-line-represents-ratio-of_fig2_333026768
Government debt and corporate debt in Turkey (% of GDP). The red line represents ratio of non-financial corporate debt to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) while ...
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22 TURKEY
https://www.ebrd.com/publications/transition-report-202021-turkey
External debt/GDP. 47.0. 52.8. 56.4. 57.1. n.a.. Gross reserves/GDP. 12.3. 12.6. 12.1. 13.8. n.a.. Credit to private sector/GDP.
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23 Turkey : On the razor's edge | Economic Research-BNPParibas
https://economic-research.bnpparibas.com/html/en-US/razor-edge-7/10/2022,46606
The economic situation in Turkey offers striking contrasts between (i) sustained growth until Q1 2022 and ... External debt / GDP, %.
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24 Türkiye - OECD Data
https://data.oecd.org/turkiye.htm
Government debt: 43.6 % of GDP ... Publications related to Türkiye. OECD Economic Surveys: Turkey 2021Publication (2021).
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25 Turkey GDP and National Debt - CountryMeters.info
https://countrymeters.info/en/Turkey/economy
Live statistics for Economy of Turkey. Current GDP (estimated data for 2022) and national debt. Live estimate for national public debt today and since the ...
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26 TÜRKIYE - EBF - European Banking Federation
https://www.ebf.eu/turkiye/
Loan volume of the banking sector reached USD 482 billion and the ratio of loans to GDP was 74%. A 52% of total loans was extended to large scale companies ...
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27 Determinants of External Debt Accumulation in Turkey
https://jbepnet.com/journals/Vol_4_No_4_December_2017/14.pdf
The dependent variable is the ratio of external debt to GDP. The explanatory variables are the exchange rate, interest rate, savings rate and the budget deficit ...
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28 Essays on the External Debt of Turkey - ProQuest
http://search.proquest.com/openview/40d6e6411304f72c4acd422570557e57/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y
As the United States (U.S.) is the major holder of Turkey's debt, ... the ratio of the private sector's gross external debt stock to GDP ratio has increased ...
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29 Credit-to-GDP gaps - Bank for International Settlements
https://www.bis.org/statistics/c_gaps.htm
Quarterly data on credit-to-GDP gaps covering 44 economies have been updated. These time-series data show the ... Credit-to-GDP gaps · Debt service ratios.
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30 Turkey's external gross debt stock at $448.4B in Q1 of 2021
https://www.aa.com.tr/en/economy/turkeys-external-gross-debt-stock-at-4484b-in-q1-of-2021/2289831
Turkey's net foreign debt totaled $262.1 billion as of the first quarter of 2021, some 36% of GDP. Meanwhile, Treasury-guaranteed foreign debt ...
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31 Türkiye: Back to square one - Allianz Trade
https://www.allianz-trade.com/en_global/economic-research/country-reports/Turkey.html
We forecast annual fiscal deficits of more than -6% of GDP in 2022-2023 (we use the broader IMF definition, which gives higher ratios than the authorities' ...
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32 Fitch Revises Turkey's Outlook to Negative; Affirms at 'BB-'
https://www.fitchratings.com/research/sovereigns/fitch-revises-turkey-outlook-to-negative-affirms-at-bb-02-12-2021
Government debt amortisations are manageable, averaging 2.5% of GDP in 2022-2023 and the sovereign has a record of access to external bond ...
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33 Turkey's external debt drops $25 billion at a stroke - Al-Monitor
https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2021/08/turkeys-external-debt-drops-25-billion-stroke
The downward revision of the short-term external debt, which owes also to the new distinction between the short- and long-term deposits of ...
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34 CAUSES EXTERNAL DEBT OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN ...
https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1170968
Turkey. ARDL. Analysis. Total external debt stock,. Inflation rate, exchange rate, gross domestic savings, GDP per capita, debt service, budget.
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35 Double digit: Pain points for Turkey's lira at 10 to the dollar
https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/double-digit-pain-points-turkeys-lira-10-dollar-2021-11-12/
Turkey's external debt-to-GDP ratio of around 60% remains in line with emerging markets as a whole, but while the private sector has ...
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36 The Analysis of Domestic Debt Asymmetry in Turkey by ...
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212567116301824/pdf?md5=28933b5955e2d97a680dc7419474723e&pid=1-s2.0-S2212567116301824-main.pdf
Debt/GDP ratio is significant at the 56% threshold value. In their study employing simulation method over 1988-2002 period of Turkish economy, Gürbüz et al.
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37 Turkey: Deterioration of Credit Profile, Unsustainable ...
https://www.yahoo.com/finance/news/turkey-deterioration-credit-profile-unsustainable-191707371.html
Turkey's unsustainable economic policies, spiralling inflation and ... the Covid-19 crisis – with government debt increasing to 65.0% of GDP ...
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38 Can Turkey keep defying financial gravity? - YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ojf43ZDUc9U
Peterson Institute for International Economics
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39 Turkey's economy: a story of success with an uncertain future
https://www.osw.waw.pl/en/publikacje/osw-commentary/2013-11-06/turkeys-economy-a-story-success-uncertain-future
Turkey also performed relatively well throughout the global financial crisis: after a slowdown in GDP growth to just 0.6% in 2008 and a ...
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40 Turkish GDP growth slows down amid soaring inflation | Atradius
https://group.atradius.com/publications/country-report/Turkish-GDP-growth-slows-down-amid-soaring-inflation-and-lira-volatility.html
Many businesses pay high interest rates for loans and struggle with the impact of the weaker local currency value on foreign debt repayments.
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41 Illusion's End: Erdo─čan and Turkey's Coming Economic Chill
https://isdp.eu/publication/illusions-end-erdogan-turkeys-coming-economic-chill/
Turkish companies have also increased their borrowing. Although the AKP has reduced government debt as a proportion of GDP to less than half ...
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42 The Turkish Economy in 2015
https://www.csis.org/analysis/turkish-economy-2015-0
Additional TCMB data released on February 16 shows that the total private sector external debt increased from 282.8 billion in 2014 to 297.7 ...
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43 Financial sector development, external debt, and ... - PLOS
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0265684&type=printable
nal debt and Turkey's renewable energy consumption. ... external debt in Turkey as a share of GDP increased from 25% to 50% in 2016.
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44 Why Turkey debt crisis could be different - CNBC
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/08/13/what-happens-in-turkey-wont-stay-in-turkey-why-this-debt-crisis-co.html
That's bad for debtholders in Turkey, who owe big in foreign currencies but whose assets are held in the rapidly depreciating lira. In total, ...
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45 The rapid widening of Turkey's external deficit continues | Snap
https://think.ing.com/snaps/turkey-continuing-rapid-widening-on-the-external-deficit/
Non-resident moves were mainly attributable to debt creating flows, namely i) USD1.4bn trade credits ii) USD1.8bn deposits placed by foreign ...
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46 High levels of vulnerability as a result of unorthodox monetary ...
https://credendo.com/en/knowledge-hub/turkey-high-levels-vulnerability-result-unorthodox-monetary-policy-and-heavy-reliance
Turkey: High levels of vulnerability as a result of unorthodox ... Corporate debt is high – at 72.6% of GDP in Q1 2022 according to the Bank ...
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47 Turkey's crisis in six charts | Risky Finance
https://riskyfinance.com/2018/08/15/turkeys-crisis-in-six-charts/
Next we take the IMF's April local currency GDP, and convert to dollars using the 13 August exchange rate. This time the ratio of iBoxx debt to ...
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48 Public Debt Management Report
https://ms.hmb.gov.tr/uploads/sites/2/2020/08/Web_Public_Debt_Management_Report_August_2020_v1.pdf
Developments in the Credit Rating of Turkey ..... 26 ... Public Net Debt Stock/GDP (%) (2) ... TURKEY'S NET EXTERNAL DEBT STOCK.
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49 State lenders vow to provide loans to Turkey's real sector
https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/state-lenders-vow-to-provide-loans-to-turkeys-real-sector-171291
In 2020, when the pandemic struck the global economy hard and caused recession in most of the countries, Turkey managed to post a GDP growth of ...
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50 Turkey's external debt hits record high of 62.8 pct of GDP in ...
https://www.turkishminute.com/2021/04/01/turkey-external-debt-hit-record-high-of-62-8-pct-of-gdp-in-2020/
Turkey's external gross debt stocks, which amounted to $450 billion at end-2020, climbed to a record 62.8 percent of gross domestic product ...
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51 Soaring inflation and a collapsing currency: Why is Turkey's ...
https://www.euronews.com/2022/11/09/everything-is-overheating-why-is-turkeys-economy-in-such-a-mess
But it wasn't always this way. The Turkish economy came on leaps and bounds over the last two decades, averaging 5.8% yearly GDP growth between ...
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52 Could A Coalition of the “Friends of Turkey” Ride to Turkey's ...
https://www.cfr.org/blog/could-coalition-friends-turkey-ride-turkeys-financial-rescue
For all that, lending Turkey $100 billion (well over 5 percent of Russia's GDP) would be a financial stretch—foreign exchange reserves would ...
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53 Country Report Turkey - RaboResearch - Economic Research
https://economics.rabobank.com/publications/2013/january/country-report-turkey/
Over the last years, the level of external debt to GDP has remained stable at roughly 40% of GDP. Nonetheless, the share of short-term debt in ...
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54 Foreign Debt: The Price of Turkey's Rise to Power
https://geopoliticalfutures.com/foreign-debt-price-turkeys-rise-power/
Turkey's total external debt (public and private) has been rising gradually over the past five years, reaching 52 percent of gross domestic ...
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55 Turkey / Economic Studies - Coface
https://www.coface.com/Economic-Studies-and-Country-Risks/Turkey
Inflation (yearly average, %), 15.2, 12.3 ; Budget balance (% GDP), -2.9, -2.9 ; Current account balance (% GDP), 0.9, -4.9 ; Public debt (% GDP), 32.6, 39.7 ...
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56 Bank borrowing lifts external debt above 50% of Turkey's GDP
http://www.eiu.com/industry/article/113038995/bank-borrowing-lifts-external-debt-above-50-of-turkeys-gdp/2015-04-01
Bank borrowing lifts external debt above 50% of Turkey's GDP ... According to data from the Undersecretariat of the Treasury, gross external debt, ...
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57 Turkey - Country Risk Report Türkiye - Allianz
https://www.allianz.com/en/economic_research/publications/country-risk/turkey.html
Total public debt is forecast to increase to around 45% of GDP by 2023. At first glance, such a ratio still appears moderate compared to that of peers.
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58 Peer Review of Turkey - Financial Stability Board
https://www.fsb.org/wp-content/uploads/Turkey-peer-review-report-19Nov15.pdf
from resolving banks during the 2000-01 banking crisis in Turkey. ... after a drop in early 2014, the ratios of total loans to GDP and FX ...
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59 Turkey GDP and Economic Data - Global Finance Magazine
https://www.gfmag.com/global-data/country-data/turkey-gdp-country-report
Browse additional economic indicators and data sets, selected by Global Finance editors, to learn more about Turkey economic outlook, debt to GDP ratio, ...
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60 Turkey External & Government Debt to GDP 2021-2022
https://take-profit.org/en/statistics/government-debt-to-gdp/turkey/
Government Debt to GDP in Turkey increased to 42 % in 2021. The maximum level was 75.5 % and minimum was 27.4 % · Data published Yearly by Undersecretariat of ...
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61 Turkey: latest killer facts about the economy - GOV.UK
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/turkey-latest-killer-facts-about-the-economy/turkey-latest-killer-facts-about-the-economy
Turkey's net debt to GDP ratio in 2012 is 36% in 2012, which is well below the Maastricht Criterion of 60%. Turkey has been meeting the ...
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62 Why Turkish Banking System?
https://www.yapikrediinvestorrelations.com/en/share/detail/Why-Turkish-Banking-System/243/800/0
Turkey is Europe's 5th and the World's 11th largest economy (PPP adjusted, current $, 2021). As of 2021, Turkey's GDP stands at 807 billion (current $).
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63 Financial sector development, external debt, and ... - NCBI
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9071129/
Furthermore, the external debt in Turkey as a share of GDP increased from 25% to 50% in 2016. The enormous increment in external debt in Turkey may be ...
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64 Data on Turkey | Reconstructing Global Inequality - Clio Infra
https://clio-infra.eu/Countries/Turkey.html
Total Gross Central Government Debt as a Percentage of GDP · Average Years of Education · Labourers Real Wage · Book Titles per Capita · Global Extreme Poverty ...
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65 Revealing Turkey's public debt burden
https://people.brandeis.edu/~cerbil/DebtBurden_ErbilJPM.pdf
Is there a better approach to measure Turkey's total public debt burden? The common approach ... equivalent to 1.8–2.7% of gross domestic product (GDP).
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66 Turkey's net public debt stock expands 43% y/y in Q1, highest ...
https://www.intellinews.com/turkey-s-net-public-debt-stock-expands-43-y-y-in-q1-highest-since-q4-2012-124533/
The European Commission (EC) forecasts Turkey's general government gross debt will decline to 26.5% of GDP in 2017 from 28.3% in 2016 while the ...
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67 Turkey: Being tested - Credit Suisse | PLUS
https://plus.credit-suisse.com/r/V7pliE2AF-VBmG
Turkey's sovereign credit rating in 2021. Economic activity is likely to slow in the ... Gross central government debt (% of GDP, end-year).
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68 Growth and economic crises in Turkey leaving behind a ...
https://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/pages/publication16004_en.pdf
contraction of GDP by 5.7% in real terms in 2001. ... public debt burden and dampening Turkey's growth performance vis-à-vis other emerging.
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69 Our Economics team has created country profiles on the ...
https://www.exportfinance.gov.au/resources/country-profiles/turkey/
Chart 2 Turkey Real GDP Growth. Currency depreciation remains a significant risk the outlook given it adds to Turkey's large external debt burden and debt ...
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70 Banks in Turkey 2013
https://www.tbb.org.tr/en/Content/Upload/Dokuman/133/Banks_in_Turkey_2013.pdf
Economic Developments and Banking System in Turkey in 2013. ... M3/GDP. %. 842. 54. 53. 61 ... Loans/GDP ... Public debt stock to gdp.
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71 Debt indicators of Turkey - SlideShare
https://www.slideshare.net/BusinessTurkey/debt-indicators-of-turkey
161616 Gross External Debt Stock of Turkey / GDP (%) Source: Undersecretariat of. 171717 Interest Payments of External Debt of Turkey / GDP (%) ...
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72 World debt comparison: The global debt clock - The Economist
https://www.economist.com/content/global_debt_clock
The clock covers 99% of the world based upon GDP. It uses latest available data and assumes that the fiscal year ends in December. Debt figures are derived ...
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73 The End of Boom and the Political Economy of Turkey's crisis
https://gala.gre.ac.uk/21403/13/21403%20OYVAT_The_End_of_Boom_and_the_Political_Economy%20of_Turkey%E2%80%99s_Crisis_2018.pdf
US and Turkey gave a push to the economic downturn in Turkey that was already ... 2) The gross external debt as a share of GDP (%) in Turkey increased from ...
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74 External Debt and Structural Adjustment: Recent Experience ...
https://www.jstor.org/stable/4283495
Indeed, Turkey's debt crisis occurred very early, in 1977-78, wher ... exports have quadrupled, growing from 5 per cent of GDP to cent (see Figure 2b).16.
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75 How Inflation Affects Turkey's Struggling Economy
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/12/14/business/economy/turkey-inflation-economy-lira.html
Even before the pandemic, Turkey was trying to ward off financial ... with mountainous debt, steep losses in the value of the Turkish lira, ...
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76 Turkey / Economic analysis - Coface
https://m.cofacecentraleurope.com/Economic-analysis/Turkey
Nevertheless, the outlook of the public debt should not represent a key risk for Turkey, as it remains low as a share of GDP. However, it is important to ...
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77 Over one-third of Turkey's population is in debt - Duvar English
https://www.duvarenglish.com/over-one-third-of-turkeys-population-is-in-debt-news-58831
Turkey's economy has been in free-fall since 2013. According to World Bank data, individual GDP has fallen from a high of $12,614 in 2012 to ...
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78 Monitors - Institute of International Finance
https://www.iif.com/Key-Topics/Debt/Monitors
Total debt in frontier markets (FM) reached a record high of nearly 110% of GDP in 2020, up from less than 100% in 2019. We have added 15 new countries to our ...
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79 External Debt Cycles of the Turkish Economy: Is it Possible to ...
https://iupress.istanbul.edu.tr/en/journal/ije/article/turkiye-ekonomisinin-dis-borc-donguleri-krizden-kacis-mumkun-mu
Interest rates, high inflation, GDP growth, the ratio of foreign direct investment to GDP, and the ratio of short-term debt to reserves are determined to be ...
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80 Turkey's gross foreign debt up 5% y/y at end-March - SeeNews
https://seenews.com/news/turkeys-gross-foreign-debt-up-5-yy-at-end-march-704587
The country's net foreign debt stood at $256.5 billion at the end of March, or 33.8% of GDP. Treasury-guaranteed foreign debt stock amounted to ...
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81 Turkey corporate debt jumps to 69 percent of GDP in pandemic
https://ahvalnews.com/turkey-banking/turkey-corporate-debt-jumps-69-percent-gdp-pandemic-central-bank
Turkey's central bank said corporate debt as a percentage of GDP rose to 69 percent in August, partly due to a credit scheme announced by ...
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82 Turkey's economic policy shift is not worth the risks
https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/OXAN-DB266151/full/html
Turkey: Gross foreign debt has risen steadily in USD and as percentage of GDP. Much of the debt may be rolled over routinely, and low prices ...
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83 2022 Investment Climate Statements: Turkey - State Department
https://www.state.gov/reports/2022-investment-climate-statements/turkey/
GDP growth was 2.6 percent in 2018 as the economy entered a recession in the second half of the year. Challenged by the continuing currency crisis, particularly ...
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84 Overview of the financial sector in Turkey
https://www.bstdb.org/BSTDB_Overview%20of%20the%20financial%20sector_TURKEY.pdf
Outstanding loans extended by banking institutions in Turkey correspond to 71% of GDP, among the highest in the BSTDB Region. The banking sector in Turkey ...
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85 World Debt Clocks
https://www.usdebtclock.org/world-debt-clock.html
Real Time World Debt Clocks.
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86 What the lira collapse means for Turkey's economy
https://www.ft.com/content/7c3ec643-0045-4437-9e7f-66e1385af2ce
Turkey's overall debt-to-GDP ratio is still low compared with that of its emerging market peers, at around 40 per cent of GDP.
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87 Debt to GDP Ratio by Country 2022 - World Population Review
https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/debt-to-gdp-ratio-by-country
› country-rankings
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88 TURKSTAT Corporate
https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=37185&dil=2
The general government consolidated gross debt stock to GDP ratio rose to 39.8% in 2020. ... Total expenditures of general government reached 1 ...
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89 How Erdonomics Sank Turkey by Anne O. Krueger
https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/turkey-economic-crisis-erdonomics-by-anne-o-krueger-2021-12
With per capita GDP having fallen from $12,600 in 2013 to $8,500 in 2020, Turkey's 85 million people have faced dimming economic prospects ...
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90 Turkey outpaces G20 in liquidity support to fight COVID-19 ...
https://www.dailysabah.com/business/economy/turkey-outpaces-g20-in-liquidity-support-to-fight-covid-19-fallout
Turkey left behind countries, including China, Brazil, India and South Africa, with a liquidity support to GDP ratio of 9.4%, according to the ...
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91 An Evaluation of the Turkish Economy during COVID-19
https://www.swp-berlin.org/publications/products/arbeitspapiere/CATS__Working_Paper_Nr_1_2021_Cakmakli_Demiralp_Yesiltas_Yildirim.pdf
The effects of COVID-19 shock on the Turkish economy ... given the large share (about 35 percent of GDP) of foreign debt owned by the ...
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92 Turkey Government gross debt as a share of GDP, 1980-2021
https://knoema.com/atlas/Turkey/Government-gross-debt-as-a-share-of-GDP
In 2021, government gross debt as a share of GDP for Turkey was 41.8 %. Government gross debt as a share of GDP of Turkey fell gradually from 71.5 % in 2002 ...
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93 Turkey Country Report 2022 - BTI Transformation Index
https://bti-project.org/en/reports/country-report/TUR
The loan volume of the banking sector reached $447 billion and the ratio of loans to GDP was 62%. Of total loans, 53% were extended to large-scale companies and ...
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